When submitting a manuscript for review in a scientific journal, you should also send a cover letter to the editors of the publication. This paper will be your visit card and the first impression you will make on the journal. Very often cover letters are a decisive factor in the process of reviewing the manuscript. On the basis of the letter and a brief description of your article, the editor decides whether it is necessary to consider your work or not. Based on the preceding, we can conclude that the letter that you send to the editor should stimulate the editor-in-chief to review your article and have a chance (by default) to publish. Next, we’ll consider the primary provisions of the cover letter. Let’s go.
First, start with your brief summary (biography) or tell about all participants of your research: who are you, where are you, on what studies your particular laboratory specializes; what do you do in your scientific community and what the results are you aiming for. Describe, specifically, the study itself and the reason for which you have decided to spend it: why that topic was taken as a basis; at what stage is the disclosure of research question or problem in science; if you have already considered your topic before and have been published, indicate the journal that published the information; whether your subject is associated with other studies; was it carried out by other groups of scientists (if so, tell about it), etc. Give the editor full understanding of the purpose of your work.
Second, show the importance of the findings and provide a clear result. Explain what you have done in the work: what you’ve studied; what new was invented or found; why your results are interesting; what value are exactly your results in comparison with what has already been written or studied up to you; why your study is so special; explain the uniqueness of the methodology that you’ve used. For example, your study is the first among the South African population. Is the study accompanied by the highest number of test subjects with breast cancer? Do your research assumes a new and valuable information in the field of stroke and so on, and why?
Third, state to continue your work. In other words speaking, tell in more detail why it is important to continue to study your subject and what are the prospects and implications for world science. Will you get out of your way a cure for cancer? Is it possible to conclude by your research that has been invented a method to get rid of cancer? Explain the benefits of your experiment and show that your work is significant for society, presenting a value to a large number of people in practice.
And finally, avoid copying and pasting the chapeau (Abstract) in the cover letter. Describe your article in your words. Do not make your letter more than one A4 page volume (each edition has its own requirements for the allowable number of words).
Give answers to questions that have been discussed above so that the editor already knew what your article about and fired up with the interest in the work you’ve done. Do everything correctly and you’ll be happy with the result.